This mix is brand new for the 2019-2020 Seeds for Bees season. Containing brassicas, legumes, and grains this mix combines attributes from the PAm Mustard Mix and the PAm Clover Mix into one convenient blend. The canola and common yellow mustard provide an early source pollen for pollinators, as their strong tap roots break up compacted soil. The hair like roots of the bell beans and peas help prevent soil erosion while fixing nitrogen. They will also provide a late source of nectar for pollinators like the PAm Clover Mix does. Grains are added to this mix for the benefit of the soil and weed suppression capabilities. Oats and triticale were selected over species like rye due to their heavy root structure. In most cases this mix will create less biomass and be easier to terminate than the PAm Mustard Mix. It is ideal for vineyards as well as orchards.
PAm Soil Builder Mix: 15 %Triticale, xTriticosecale 15% Oats, Avena sativa 35% Bell Beans, Viciafaba 28% Peas, Pisum sativum or P. arvense 3% Canola, Brassica rapa 4% Common Yellow Mustard, Sinapis alba
Seed Rate:45-50lbs/acre rate for drill planting Ground Prep: The best method for planting is direct seeding with drill equipment. If broadcast seeding is the only option then a good, fine seed bed is desirable since most of the seeds are very small like alfalfa.
Planting Methods: Use a grain drill, or no till drill, to evenly distribute the seed in or around your orchard or vineyard. No fertilizer needed. If able to irrigate, ensure the root zone has available water until the roots reach 6” depth.
Plant: After Sept. 10th through Nov. 10th, while soil is still warm (above 55⁰) is an appropriate time to plant any cover crop in California. However, to ensure the cover crop will bloom before almonds it must be sown and germinated before November 1st. To accomplish this plant and irrigate in early October. Plant no more than 1/8” to 1/4” deep. Plant in-between tree rows, fence lines, fallow areas, where trees are being taken out of production, and in orchard margins or borders.
Emergence/Visible:6 – 8 days
Bloom:90 days - Canola will be thefirst to bloom
Management: Ideally it should be mowed or disked after the stand stops blooming. If reseeding is desired leaving plants intact until June may be necessary. This date will vary depending on planting date and local climate.